Mikve Israel, the first Jewish agricultural school, was established in 1870 by Karl Netter. The purpose of its establishment was to train the young generation for agricultural settlement. After many hardships, a farm was set up with a chicken coop, cow shed, vineyards and winery.
At Mikve Israel, many farmers received their agricultural education and due to that, they were able to manage private farms and some also founded kibbutzim. The school also served as a base for military defense as well as settlement activity – many of the students and the teachers joined the ranks of the “Hagana”.
Today, Mikve Israel runs three six-year school programs: general-agricultural, religious-agricultural and a French-Israeli school that was established with the assistance of the governments of Israel and France.